This study examines Korean immigrants' transnational cultural events that occurred in 2010 in the New York-New Jersey area by analyzing articles published in two major Korean daily newspapers. The original version of this paper was published in the journal Studies of Koreans Abroad (Vol. 28, October 2012, pp. 49-83). We would like to thank the Association for the Studies of Koreans Abroad for being generous enough to allow us to post this published article on Korean American Data Bank. A content analysis of the newspaper articles shows that there were 110 transnational Korean cultural events that took place in 2010. Transnational cultural events have been classified into five major categories: 1. Performing arts (including music, dance, musicals, and plays), 2. Fine arts (including calligraphy, fashion, painting, and photography shows), 3. Food-related cultural events, 4. Language and literature, and 5. Other miscellaneous Korean cultural events. This study, which is based on a content analysis of newspaper articles, has advantages over personal interview- or survey-based studies because it provides a general picture of the overall prevalence of transnational cultural events in a particular Korean community in a specific time frame (2010). This article, one of the first systematic studies of Korean immigrants' transnational activities, also contributes to the field of immigration studies because researchers have neglected to study the ethnic and transnational cultural activities of immigrants. 

Since the mid-1990s, transnationalism has been a buzz word in migration studies. While many social scientists have contributed to the burgeoning literature, there has been little research conducted on Korean-Canadian transnationalism. This paper reports on a survey that is conducted in the Greater Toronto Area involving 274 adult Korean-Canadians. It provides a descriptive profile of transnational linkages and behavior among Korean-Canadians in Toronto. The paper also considers a possible link between transnational behaviors, social integration, and migrant well-being. It is the first paper that provides a comprehensive set of survey data on North American Korean immigrants’ transnational ties to their homeland.   

This paper examines the impact of return migration to South Korea on the formation of hybrid ethnic identities in two immigrant communities, Korean Chinese (Joseonjok) and Korean Americans, within the Korean diaspora that emerge from two different state policies concerning ethnic minorities.  I explore how migration histories out of Korea impact the creation of stable Korean immigrant communities abroad and how these communities reproduce lifestyles and identities closely linked to the homeland by incorporating aspects of what it means to be “Korean,” embedded in a specific history, culture and tradition.  The findings are based on empirical data collected from semi-structured interviews conducted with 63 research participants, supplemented by informal conversations and participant observation during a 16-month fieldwork period in Seoul, South Korea between August 2004 and December 2005.  A comparative analysis of ethnic identity construction within the US assimilationist model and Joseonjok within a Chinese state protectionist model sheds light on the everyday negotiations of transnational “third culture kids” with ethnicity, nationality and gender ideologies.  The thread throughout the interviews is the struggle of cultural hybridity, of inhabiting a liminal space between two distinct national identities but linked to a diaspora through a sense of shared ethnic identity. 

Contemporary migration is distinct from past migration, and the transnational family currently encompasses an increasingly wider range of family structures that affects a wider range of cultures and nations. In the 1960s and 1970s, labor migrants from a developing South Korea left spouses, mostly wives, and children for economic opportunities abroad only to have their families re-connect with them in a more or less permanent move overseas. More recently, Korea's new position in the global economy has shifted family demography and strategies for social and economic mobility. It is in this context that the transnational family has re-emerged and taken a new form. This time children are being sent abroad for edcuational opportunities, leaving one or both parents to work in Korea, and often with the hope of re-uniting as a family back in Korea. But, this type of transnational family in contrast to the intact migrant family remains little understood. In this paper, we begin with a brief discussion of the social and political context of transnational family migration from South Korea to Canada and then using TKFS 2011 survey data, we situate our empirical comparisons of transnational and intact families in the literature on migration motivations and on those dimensions understood to be important for structuring transnational opportunities such as motivations, social class background, gender and the division of household labor, and social networks and previous exposure. 

 

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