Displaying items by tag: Black boycotts of Korean businesses

Korean immigrant merchants in New York, Los Angeles, and other major metropolitan areas had severe conflicts with black customers, white suppliers, and other external groups in the 1980s and early 1990s. However, since the mid 1990s, their business-related conflicts have almost disappeared. This chapter explains that the changes in Korean immigrants’ business patterns, along with the changes in external factors, are responsible for the virtual disappearance of Korean merchants’ business-related inter-group conflicts in New York. In particular, it explains why black boycotts of Korean stores, which were prevalent in New York in the 1980s and early 1990s, almost disappeared. Changes in Korean immigrants’ business patterns in New York include lower self-employment rates compared to the 1980s and early 1990s, the reduction of Korean stores in black neighborhoods, Koreans' shift from retail businesses to service businesses, and their overall economic integration into the mainstream economy, including a predominant majority of second-generation Koreans’ entry into it. External factors include the conversion of lower-income black neighborhoods to more multiracial neighborhoods, and the movement of many mega stores to lower-income black neighborhoods. The same changes have occurred in other major metropolitan areas and thus Korean immigrants’ business-related conflicts have been significantly reduced in other areas too.    


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