Displaying items by tag: identity

This study aims to examine the degrees of overseas Korean adoptees’ awareness, use, satisfaction, and evaluation of post-adoption services provided by the Korean government and adoption-related organizations. For this purpose, we conducted an internet survey of 767 overseas Korean adoptees between October and November of 2011. Because identity is an important characteristic of overseas Korean adoptees, we distinguish four types of overseas Korean adoptees by considering the strength and weakness of both Korean identity and adoptee identity. Main findings are as follows. Adoptees who have strong Korean identity are more satisfied than other types of adoptees with services provided by adoptee self-help organizations and adoption-related consulting services. They are also more likely to recognize the necessity of services related with employment and settlement in Korea. By contrast, adoptees who have strong adoption identity are less satisfied than other types of adoptees with longer-term services like family search, job hunting, and medical services. As policy recommendations, we suggest the expansion of long-term services, provision of services tailored to the needs and characteristics of adoptees, improvement of accessibility and use of an one-stop family search information center, expansion of professional adoption consultants, empowerment of adoption self-help organizations, and expansion of mentors for returning adoptees.

This paper examines the impact of return migration to South Korea on the formation of hybrid ethnic identities in two immigrant communities, Korean Chinese (Joseonjok) and Korean Americans, within the Korean diaspora that emerge from two different state policies concerning ethnic minorities.  I explore how migration histories out of Korea impact the creation of stable Korean immigrant communities abroad and how these communities reproduce lifestyles and identities closely linked to the homeland by incorporating aspects of what it means to be “Korean,” embedded in a specific history, culture and tradition.  The findings are based on empirical data collected from semi-structured interviews conducted with 63 research participants, supplemented by informal conversations and participant observation during a 16-month fieldwork period in Seoul, South Korea between August 2004 and December 2005.  A comparative analysis of ethnic identity construction within the US assimilationist model and Joseonjok within a Chinese state protectionist model sheds light on the everyday negotiations of transnational “third culture kids” with ethnicity, nationality and gender ideologies.  The thread throughout the interviews is the struggle of cultural hybridity, of inhabiting a liminal space between two distinct national identities but linked to a diaspora through a sense of shared ethnic identity. 


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